Terpenes - What are they?

Terpenes are tiny organic molecules found in every strain of cannabis, and they are responsible for the flavours and aromas you might experience. Each strain has a different combination of terpenes, and no two strains are alike, kind of like snowflakes or fingerprints. While Terpenes affect the flavour and aroma of cannabis, there is no current scientific evidence that different terpenes have different effects on the human body. Terpenes are also found in lots of other plants, not just the cannabis plant.

Below are just a few of the most common terpenes found in cannabis plants and some fun facts about them.

Beta-caryophyllene Cannabis terpene

Beta-caryophyllene

[bey-tuh-carry-o-fy-lean]

Also found in: clove, rosemary, hops, black pepper, oregano

Fun fact: the only terpene that binds to cannabinoid receptors

Limonen cannabis terpene

Limonene

[lim-uh-neen]

Also found in: peels of citrus fruits, pepper, cloves, hops, basil, oregano

Fun fact: is used as a food additive, as well as in cleaning agents

beta-Pinene cannabis terpene

beta-Pinene

[bey-tuh-pahy-neen]

Also found in: pine trees, spruce trees, black pepper

Fun fact: found together in plants with alpha-pinene, just in smaller amounts

Cannabis Terpinolene terpene

Terpinolene

[tur-pine-o-lean]

Also found in: allspice, nutmeg, tea tree, apples, cumin, juniper

Fun fact: referred to as a “lurker” terpene because it appears in many strains in small amounts

Cannabis Humulene terpene

Humulene

[hu-mu-lean]

Also found in: basil, safe, clove, hope

Fun fact: partially responsible for giving cannabis its distinct spicy, herbaceous, and subtly floral bouquet of aromas

 Cannabis  Myrcene terpene

Myrcene

[mer-seen]

Also found in mangoes, bay leaves, hops, lemongrass, wild thyme

Fun fact: found in significant quantities in mangoes

Cannabis Alpha-pinene terpene

Alpha-pinene

[al-fuh-pahy-neen]

Also found in coniferous trees, rosemary, basil, parsley, dill

Fun fact: what makes pine trees smell like pine

cannabis Linalool terpene

Linalool

[lin-uh-lool]

Also found in: lavender, mint, cinnamon, coriander

Fun fact: found in over 200 essential oils